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Lithium Transportation

New Lithium transportation regulations in effect January 1, 2015; Please read the Department of Transportation final rule for the transportation of lithium batteries, including both primary (non-rechargeable) and secondary (rechargeable) lithium batteries.

 The transportation of non-rechargeable lithium and rechargeable lithium Ion and lithium Polymer cells and batteries is regulated in the United States in accordance with Part 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, (49 CFR Sections 100 – 185) of the US Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR)

Please read 49 CFR 173.185 – Lithium cells and batteries – US regulations.

The international transportation of lithium cells and batteries is regulated by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Technical Instructions and corresponding International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations and the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.

Under United Nations transportation regulations primary lithium and rechargeable lithium Ion and polymer cells and batteries must comply with the UN T1 – T8 testing regulations.

The UN tests listed below are specified in the fourth revised edition of the recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods, manual of tests and criteria (ST/SG/AC.10.11/Rev.4)

T1; Attitude Simulation

T2; Thermal

T3; Vibration

T4; Shock

T5; External Short Circuit

T6; Impact

T7; Overcharge

T8; Forced Discharge

These tests only have to be performed once for each cell or battery type of a given design. Additional testing is required when a previously tested cell or battery undergoes design or construction changes as follows:

  1. A chance of more than 0.1 g or 20% by mass, whichever is greater, to the cathode, to the anode, or to the electrolyte; or
  2. A change that would materially affect the test results.
     
NEW 2016 Ammended Lithium Battery Transportation Regulation
2013 IATA Lithium Battery Dangerous Goods Regulations
Lithium Ion Packaging Guidelines

 

 Transport of Lithium Metal and Lithium Ion Batteries

 Revised for the 2011 Regulations

2016 Lithium Battery Transportation Update

FedEx Overview of Lithium Battery Shipping Requirements
http://www.energy-assurance.com/PDFs/UN_Updates_rev_6.pdf 10
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